Archive for the ‘literature-subjects_mains’ Category

dear friends,

for kannada literature u try to get saashi marulaiya sir’s notes which is very nice.

if u cant get his notes u can subscribe to bharath coaching center(r.t.nagar) & vikas coaching center (rajajinagar) which is there in bangalore. they are giving kannada literature material through postal service also, u can attend class also by joining their institute only.

if u cant do the above 2 things, i found few websites were i can give u & help u for kannada literature notes. u can take them below:these are notes for sample im showing u from website: more u can find in this website.

http://www.answers.com/topic/western-ganga-dynasty
http://www.answers.com/topic/rashtrakuta-dynasty
http://www.answers.com/topic/western-chalukya-empire
http://www.answers.com/topic/hoysala
http://www.answers.com/topic/kalachuri

Paper-I

Answers must be written in Urdu.

Section-A

Development of Urdu Language

a) Development of Indo-Aryan (i) Old Indo-Aryan (ii) Middle Indo Aryan (iii) New Indo Aryan

b) Western Hindi and its dialects Brij Bhasha Khadi Boli, Haryanavi Kannauji, Bundeli-Theories about the origin of Urdu Language

c) Dakhani Urdu-Origin and development, its significant linguistic features.

d) Social and Cultural roots of Urdu language-and its distinctive features.

Script, Phonology, Morphology, Vocabulary.

Section-B

a) Genres and their development : (i) Poetry : Ghazal, Masnavi, Qasida, Marsia, Rubai, Jadid Nazm,

(ii) Prose : Novel, Short Story, Dastan, Drama, Inshaiya, Khutoot, Biography.

b) Significant features of : (i) Deccani, Delhi and Lucknow schools (ii) Sir Syed movement, Romantic movement, Progressive movement, Modernism.

c) Literary Criticism and its development with reference to Hali, Shibli, Kaleemuddin Ahmad, Ehtisham Hussain, Ale-Ahmad Suroor.

d) Essay writing (covering literary and imaginative topics)

Paper-II

Answers must be written in Urdu.

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-A

1. Mir Amman Bagho-Babar

2. Ghalib Intikhab-e-Khutoot-e Ghalib

3. Mohd. Husain Nairang-e-Khayal

Azad

4. Prem Chand Godan

5. Rajendra Singh Apne Dukh Mujhe

Bedi Dedo

6. Abul Kalam Azad Ghubar-e-Khatir

Section-B

1. Mir Intikhab-e-Kalam-e-Mir

(Ed. Abdul Haq.)

2. Mir Hasan Sahrul Bayan

3. Ghalib Diwan-e-Ghalib

4. Iqbal Bal-e-Jibrail

5. Firaq Gul-e-Naghma

6. Faiz Dast-e-Saba

7. Akhtruliman Bint-e-Lamhat

Paper-I

(Pãli Language)

N.B. All answers must be written in Pali language in Devanãgarî or Roman Script.

Section-A

1. Origin and Homeland of Pãli and its characteristics.

2. Pãli Grammar-(I) Technical Terms of Pãli Grammar-Akkhara, Sara, Vyañjana, Niggahîta, Nãma, Sabbanãma, Ãkhyãta, Upasagga, Nipãta, Abyaya, (II) Kãraka, (III) Samãsa; (IV) Sandhi; (V) Taddhita. (Apaccabodhaka-and Ãdhikãrabo-dhaka-Paccaya); (VI) Etymological derivation of the following words :-

Buddho, Bhikkhu, Sãmanero, Satthã, Dhammo, Latãyã, Purisãnam, Tumhe, Amhebhi, Munina, Rattîsu, Phalãya, Atthîsu, Raññam, Sangho.

3. Translation of two Pãli unseen passages into English.

Section-B

4. Essays consisting of 300 words on any one of the following :

(a) Bhagavã Buddho, (b) Tilakkhanam, (c) Ariyo atthañgiko maggo, (d) Cattãri ariyasaccãni, (e) Kammavãdo (f) Paticcasamuppãdo, (g) Nibbãnam paramam sukham, (h) Tipitakam, (i) Dhammapadam, (j) Majjhimã-Patipadã.

5. Summary of Pãli passages.

6. Explanation of Pãli verses in Pãli.

7. The meaning of following indeclinables (Abyaya and Nipãta) and their use in candidates’ own Pãli sentences :

(I) Atha, (II) Antarã, (III) Addhã, (IV) Kadã, (V) Kittãvatã, (VI) Ahorattam, (VII) Divã, (VIII) Yathã, (IX) Ce, (X) Seyyathîdam, (XI) Vinã, (XII) Kudãcannam, (XIII) Saddhim, (XIV) Antarena, (XV) Kho, (XVI) Mã, (XVII) Evam, (XVIII) Ettha, (XIX) Kira, (XX) Pana.

Paper-II

(PÃli Literature)

There will be two compulsory questions which must be answered in Pali Languege in Devanagari or Roman Script. The remaining questions must be attempted either in Pali or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate.

Section-A

(i) Life and teachings of Buddha from the Pãli sources.

(ii) History of Pali Literature-Canonical and Non-Canonical with reference to the following books and authors:

Mahãvagga, Cullavagga, Pãtimokkha, Dîgha-Nikãya, Dhammapada, Jãtaka, Theragãthã, Therîgãthã,Dîpavamsa, Mahãvamsa, Dãthãvamsa, Sãsanavamsa, Milindapanha, Petakopadesa, Nettippa-karana, Buddhadatta, Buddhaghosa and Dhammapãla.

Section-B

1. Textual questions, critical comments and annotated translations would be asked from the following prescribed texts :-

(i) Dîghã-Nikãya (Only the Sãmaññaphala-Sutta)

(ii) Sutta-nipãta (Only the Khaggavisana-Sutta and Dhaniya-Sutta)

(iii) Dhammapada (Only the first five Vaggã-s)

(iv) Milindapanha (Only the Lakkhana-panha)

(v) Mahavamsa (Only the Tatiya-Sangiti)

(vi) Abhidhammattha-sangaha (First, Second and Sixth Chapters)

(vii) Pãli Prosody : Vuttodaya-Anutthubha, Indavajirã, Upendavajirã, Vasantatilakã, Mãlinî, Sikharinî, Upajati, totaka, Dodhaka, Vamsattha.

(viii) Pãli Rhetoric : Subodhãlankãrã -Yamaka, Anuppãsa, Rûpaka, Upama, Atisayutti, Vyatireka, Nidassanã, Atthanta-ranyãsa, Dîpaka, Ditthanta.

2. Short Notes on Buddhist concepts dealt within the prescribed texts.

3. Explanation of Pãli Verses from the prescribed texts.

Urdu Books Paper I

  1. Urdu ki Lisani Tashkil – Mirza Khalil Ahmad Beg [Educational Book House, Aligarh]
  2. Mokqadwa; Tarikh-e-Zuban-e-Urdu – Prof. Maswood Husain Khan [Educational Book House, Aligarh]
  3. Ansaf-e-SuKhan aur Sher Haiyyaten – Shamian Ahmed

Urdu Books Paper II

  1. Urdu Shairi ka Tauqidi Mutala – Suenbul Nigar [Educational Book House, Aligarh]
  2. Urdu Nasr ka Tauqidi Mutala – Suenbul Nigar [Educational Book House, Aligarh]
  3. Urdu Adab Ki Tarikh – Noorul Hasan Naqvi [Educational Book House, Aligarh]