philosophy mains 2010 paper 1 & 2

Posted: November 10, 2010 in 2010_mains_papers

Philosophy mains 2010 paper 1

1. write short notes on the following about 150 words each. 4×15 = 60

a.        how does Aristotle’s notion of causation differ from the modern notion of causation?

b.        Does hume deny the possibility of knowledge? Discuss

c.        Why does kant say that existence is not a predicate?

d.        Are tautologies meaningless according to wittgenstien?

 

2. answer the following in about 200 words each. 3×20 = 60

a.        what does moore want to establish when he asserts that propositions like ‘the earth exists’ or ‘we have consciousness’ are truism? Discuss.

b.        Why does Spinoza think that god alone is absolutely real? Explain.

c.        Are necessary propositions linguistic by nature? Discuss in the light of logical positivism.

 

3. answer the following in about 300 words each. 2×30 = 60

a.        what metaphysical implications can be derived from berkeley’s statement ‘esse est percipi’?

b.        what is the basic difference between Leibniz & kant on the concepts of space & time?

 

4. answer the following in about 300 words each. 2×30 = 60

a.        how is the empirical ego in Sartre & Heidegger different from the transcendental ego in husserl?

b.        Is strawson’s sons concept of a person a refutation of hume’s concept of self? Discuss

 

Section b.

 

5. write short notes on the following about 150 words each. 4×15 = 60

a.        does the effect pre-exist in the cause? Discuss?

b.        How is ramajuna’s concept of dharma-bhutajnana different from sankara’s concept of swarupajnana? Explain

c.        Is sankara’s concept of adhyasa logical or psychological? Discuss.

d.        How are evolution & involution related in sri aurobindo’s philosophy?

 

6. answer the following in about 200 words each. 3×20 =60

a.        just as the skepticism of hume helped kant to come out of his dogmatic slumber, so also carvaka philosophy saved Indian philosophy from dogmatism. Discuss.

b.        Can qualities exist without substance? Substantiate your view in the light of nyaya-buddhism controversy .

c.        How does Buddhist concept the possibility of rebirth in the absence of an eternal soul? Discuss.

 

7. answer the following in about 300 words each. 2×30 = 60

a. bring out metaphysical implications of second noble truth of Buddhism?

b. is syadvada a self-contradictory doctrine? Discuss.

 

8. answer the following in about 300 words each. 2×30 = 60

a.        both sankara & ramanuja are right are right in their affirmations but wrong in their denials. critically evaluate.

b.        Explain the reasons for introducing the notion of extraordinary perception in nyaya epistemology.

 

Philosophy mains 2010 paper 2

 

1. answer all the four parts below in not more than 150 words each. 15×4 =60

a.        discuss the nature of relationship between liberty & equality.

b.        Why did kautilya think that sovereignty is hierarchical? Explain.

c.        Does accountability necessarily contribute to moral perfection? Offer your views.

d.        Is social progress possible without humanism? Examine.

 

2. answer all 3 in 200 words each. 20×3 = 60

a.        which type of socialism , according to you , is superior-utopian or democratic. Why?

b.        Caste is not a sin, but caste discrimination is sin, as a concerned citizen , comment critically on this statement.

c.        Does the right to property bring economic disparity & threaten human fraternity. Discuss?

 

3. answer all the 3 following in 300 words each. 20×3 = 60

a.        is majority-rule meaningfully reflected in present-day democratic governments? Substantiate your answer with suitable example.

b.        Can only political empowerment of women wipe out gender discrimination in a male-dominated Indian society?

c.        If capital punishment is legally awarded, then no ethico-political consideration should subvert it. Express your opinion for or against.

 

4. answer all the 3 in 200 words each.20×3 =60

a.        which type of individual according to you, can contribute more to strengthen the state-a liberalist or socialist?

b.        Does bodin’s theory of sovereignty ‘float in air’? critically examine.

c.        List the various sanctions permitting genocide &  clearly bring out the ethical counter-arguments against each.

 

Section b

 

5. answer the following in 150 words . 15×4 = 60

a.        what is central concept in a religion without god? Discuss.

b.        The problem of evil raises when we attribute infinite knowledge , power & goodness of god acknowledging the fact of innocent persons suffering. One cannot be mistaken about one’s own experience , & suffering is an experience. Hence, god cannot have at least one of the three attributes : infinite knowledge, power & goodness. Evaluate this argument.

c.        What sort of criterion can one provide for identifying rebirth as opposed to birth. Discuss.

d.        If morality has to follow from religion , can there be rational justification for moral actions? Discuss

 

6. answer the following in about 200 each. 20×3 =60

a.        is contingent argument for the existence of god anything more than a logical exercise? Discuss.

b.        If each & every argument has to take that its premises are true, would the causal argument for the existence of god as first cause be different from assuming that it is true? Argue in favor if your position.

c.        Human mind is such that it naturally observes order in nature. Given this , can one use argument from design for the existence of god? Discuss.

 

7. answer the following in about 200 each. 20×3 =60

a.        why is the grace of god needed for liberation? Discuss with example.

b.        Distinguish between Indian concept of jivatma & plato’s concept of soul?

c.        If ignorance is the cause of suffereing , knowledge should remove suffering. What is the notion of knowledge which a liberate person acquires? Discuss.

 

8. answer the following in about 200 each. 20×3 =60

a.        if religious experience is unique, what makes it an experience? How is this experience logically different from the experience of loneliness , happiness etc.?

b.        religious language is dependent on natural language for an analogy & a symbol to work. Why not then treat religious language as a specialized language like telegraphic language? Discuss

c.        the fact that the different religions originated at different places & in different centuries proves that plurality of religions is a fact. How correct would it be to say that all religious are essentially the same? Discuss.

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