philosophy 2010 ias mains syllabus

Posted: June 29, 2010 in syllabus_2010
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History and Problems of Philosophy:

1.                  Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.

2.                  Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz):  Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.

3.                  Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.

4.                  Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God

5.                  Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism

6.                  Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.

7.                  Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.

8.                  Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.

9.                  Phenomenology (Husserl):  Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.

10.             Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.

11.             Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.

12.             Cārvāka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.

13.             Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhaňginaya; Bondage and Liberation.

14.             Schools of Buddhism: Pratītyasamutpāda; Ksanikavada, Nairātmyavāda

15.             Nyāya- Vaiśesika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Pramāna; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.

16.             Sāmkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation

17.             Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.

18.             Mimāmsā: Theory of Knowledge

19.             Schools of Vedānta: Brahman; Īśvara; Ātman; Jiva; Jagat; Māyā; Avidyā; Adhyāsa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda

20.             Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

PAPER – II

Socio-Political Philosophy

1.         Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.

2.         Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.

3.         Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability

4.         Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.

5.         Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism

6.         Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.

7.         Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital           Punishment.

8.         Development and Social Progress.

9.         Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.

10.       Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar

Philosophy of Religion:

1.         Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).

2.         Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).

3.         Problem of Evil.

4.         Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.

5.         Reason, Revelation and Faith.

6.         Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).

7.         Religion without God.

8.         Religion and Morality.

9.         Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.

10.       Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Non- cognitive.

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